Indicadores de eficiencia energética del transporte de carga por carretera para el desarrollo de una política integral de transporte en México
Sandoval García, Edgar Roberto
Matsumoto Kuwabara, Yasuhiro
Pedraza Reyna, Juan Carlos
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During the period 2013-2016, Mexico met the objective of reducing its energy intensity by decreasing from 0.102 toe / 1000 dollars in 2012 to 0.0809 toe / 1000 dollars in 2016 according to the provisions of the National Development Plan. However, in 2017, Mexico showed an energy independence index of 0.76, that is, it generated 24% less energy than necessary to satisfy the various productive activities. For this reason, it should be clear about which economic sector is the one with the most energy consumption and why, in order to define transformation strategies. This research proposal aims to contribute to the definition of energy efficiency indicators for the road freight transport sub-sector, which can be used to design integral transport policies and subsequently monitor their effectiveness. The energy intensity value of diesel for freight road transport has decreased by 2.8% between 2012 and 2017. For 2017, an energy intensity value of diesel is estimated at close to 2 MJ / tkm, a figure that still remains twice the value of energy intensity from other economies, being the main cause the low productivity of transport capacity.